Category: Sirikit custom intent tutorial

Sirikit custom intent tutorial

As we all know, once you launch Siri, you can simply ask a question by speaking into your iPhone. Siri will turn the audio from what you say into a text sentence that shows up on your phone screen. Siri then uses natural language processing to interpret the text, and converts it into a structured representation of what the user is trying to do. A domain is a broad category of things that Siri understands, and knows how to talk about.

So far, Apple has only enabled six domains that a developer can leverage:. If you can link your app to one of these six different domains - great!

You can start thinking about how to leverage the SiriKit to your advantage. An intent describes a known action that Siri understands and can communicate to your application.

Each of these phrases falls into the audio or video calling domain. Siri supports a number of different intents. Here is a full list. While processing an intent, Siri goes through a few different steps. The vocabulary step comes into play in the time between when Siri recognizes speech from the user and creates the intent for your application to handle. Siri has a vocabulary database that it uses to understand commands and map them to intents.

The question now becomes: how is this implemented, so that I could do the same if I own a messaging app? First, she recognizes that the user has referenced the WhatsApp application name. When a user has allowed Siri privileges to interact with the WhatsApp application, the application name gets exposed to the Siri vocabulary by default.

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If you are implementing Siri in your app, the name that users will use to summon your application, is the same as the name that is listed below your app on the home screen. The nice part is that Siri is able to pick up on an application name even if it is used in a variety of different contexts or parts of speech. For instance, it is very common to hear an app name used as a verb. No additional work is needed to add in this support. The first role that WhatsApp will play in this case is to help Siri understand the speech.

Ashish is not a name in the default Siri vocabulary database, but it is a name in the WhatsApp database. The name gets added to the database by the developers at WhatsApp sharing the contact details for Ashish from WhatsApp to Siri. In other domains you can provide vocabulary for different intents, such as the name of a photo album for intents in the photo searching domain or the name of a workout for intents in the workout domain.

For instance, in this example Siri recognizes that in order to send a message in the messaging domain, you actually need to have content for the message. Intents from other domains will have different parameters that need to be filled in.

For example, a money transfer app may need to know the currency for the transfer, or the amount of the transfer. To resolve our example of a message having no message content, Siri would simply ask the user what message they would like to send to Ashish. After this step is taken care of, Siri wraps up all of this data into a nice simple intent object that your application can make sense of. It then passes that intent object to your application for you to perform the logic on, and waits for a response to confirm the action with the user.

The framework that Apple has provided to enable Siri is called — SiriKit. A great example is a keyboard extension that runs when a user writes a text message and selects a custom keyboard from the different keyboard options. When a user taps the Instagram extension from the list of sharing options, the operating system launches the Instagram extension.

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Simply put, the host app sends a request to the app extension, the extension receives the request, processes it, and then returns the response to the host app. The dotted line represents the limited communication between the containing app and the App extension.Join Stack Overflow to learn, share knowledge, and build your career.

Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. I'm trying to figure out how to define and create shortcuts using the Custom Intents in iOS I want to create a shortcut so that a user can add a task to my app and give it a name and other parameters in the future. For e. Here is how I've defined the intent:. So I'm not sure how to do this correctly.

Do I have to give a taskName when donating the shortcut? But that will mean the same taskName is shown and added to the system each time, which is not what I want. Or is the new SiriKit not customizable enough to handle generic input? Yes, after having created your custom TaskIntentyou need to populate its parameters. That is, you need to set a value for taskName :. You donate the intent every time the user does the related action in your app.

If your user enters a task with a taskNameyou can donate this taskName by creating your intent and setting the taskIntent. It will suggest a shortcut for entering a task with the same title again, which is probably not what you want.

Adding tasks is not repetitive due to different task titles and nothing which can be predicted, so the INAddTasksIntent seems to be a better fit than donating shortcuts. For built-in intent, you can ask Siri questions with parameters, like "Send John a message saying 'Help to book me a ticket'". SiriKit will help to find the intent, extract the parameters John, and the message contentand send the message for you.

For custom intent, which is for Siri shortcut, you cannot ask questions with parameters. You can only use a command without parameters to trigger the intent, and do the same thing as it was donated When you donate the custom intent, you have to set the parameters in it. The difference between built-in intent and custom intent may be caused by the following fact: For a built-in intent, a lot of machine learning training work is needed for SiriKit to recognize the intent and extract the parameters.

But the custom intent has no such trained machine learning model, and it cannot act like build-in intents.You can also use a custom or system intent to support a shortcut, which gives people a quick way to initiate frequently performed actions by speaking a simple phrase or accepting a suggestion from Siri.

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To learn how to integrate your intents with the system so that people can discover them and add them to Siri, see Shortcuts and Suggestions. SiriKit defines several categories that represent generic tasks, such as create, order, share, and search. Because these definitions are in the system, Siri knows how to communicate with people about common actions that are associated with each category — such as placing an order or sharing content — in ways that feel natural.

For example, in addition to the default verb orderthe order category includes the verbs buy and book. In several custom intent categories, SiriKit defines default dialog for each response type. For example, the default confirmation dialog for the order category is, "Ready to order? To customize a response, you create a template that combines dialog you write with placeholders for relevant information your app can supply while it's working on the intent.

For example, a coffee app might enhance the default order confirmation dialog by providing custom content that includes a placeholder for the total cost of the order. Depending on the response type, your custom dialog is presented before or after the default dialog. For example, confirmation responses present the default dialog after any custom dialog. If a built-in SiriKit intent represents your action's purpose, adopt that intent instead of defining a custom intent.

For guidance, see System Intents. If your app's action requires a custom intent, pick the category that most closely matches the action. A category informs the system about the general function of an intent or shortcut — like order, download, or search — and affects the text and spoken dialog presented to people when a shortcut is offered by the system or used with Siri. You design the flow of conversation for the custom intents you offer, so it's essential that you choose a category that corresponds to the meaning of each intent.

TIP If your action's primary purpose is to retrieve information or show something to people — like displaying a sports score or the weather — use the information category. Using a different category requires people to make additional taps to get the information. Design custom intents that accelerate common, useful tasks. Take advantage of the familiarity people have with your app and focus on tasks that people are already doing often. Ensure that your intent works well in every scenario.

Make it easy for people to run your intent as a shortcut, regardless of how they initiate it. For example, be prepared for people to run it using their voice on devices with and without a screen, from suggestions on the lock screen or the Siri face on Apple Watch, from search, and within a multistep shortcut.

In general, design custom intents for tasks that aren't overly complex. People benefit the most from intents that reduce the number of actions required to complete a task. Don't counteract that simplicity by requiring people to engage in a lengthy conversation with your app.

You can also reduce the likelihood of user errors by limiting custom intents to clearly defined tasks. Design your intents to be long-lived. Avoid offering intents that are date-specific or associated with temporary data.

What Are Custom Intent Audiences - Google Ads Custom Intent Audiences Best Practices

For example, it's not a good idea if a travel app offers a custom intent for each specific itinerary.Yesterday was the start of WWDC and one new feature in iOS 12 caught my attention amongst the many that were demonstrated:.

The demo was part of the new Shortcuts system and showed that apps could reveal some functionality to Siri, in this case the Tile app being able to search for your keys.

This is paired with a full demo app in the form of Soup Chef that shows how you can create these custom intents and use them as shortcuts for Siri. The most interesting thing about this is the following concept from the Soup Chef overview:.

When I dug into the code, I found this new Intents. These custom intents are designed to be created for very specific use cases and then exposed as shortcuts so that you can access them quickly from your lock screen, add them to a workflow, or activate them with a custom voice command that the user creates. Unfortunately this is not yet possible although the system shows promise for this future.

Before I go into how this system works and the intended use case, there is one extra thing in SiriKit that will please many developers; Media Intent Domain which effectively allows you to use Siri to control media apps such as Spotify, Audible, or Overcast once the developers add the necessary updates.

If you are unable to write custom Siri scripts, what then is the point of the new custom intent? It is designed to give you a quick shortcut to commonly used tasks.

sirikit custom intent tutorial

In many ways, the Tile app is the perfect demo as it really only does one thing which is to find a specific object. These intents are exposed to the user as Shortcuts both within the Settings app and in the new Shortcuts app 2. Every time you use the Tile app to find something, the specific intent for that device can be re-donated to the system which helps Siri learn and enables it to prompt you when you may need to do this.

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How does it show an intent? By displaying it as a Shortcut on your lock screen, notification centre, Apple Watch, or within the Shortcuts app where it can then be paired with other Shortcuts from other apps i.

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The piece that makes this slightly more confusing is that you can add a custom Siri voice command to a Shortcut. These Shortcut Phrases can be created either from within the Settings app or an app can present a view controller 3 complete with a suggested command text that lets the user record their custom snippet. When a Shortcut is invoked either by a Shortcut Phrase or by tapping on a Shortcut it can either launch your app in the foreground or fire up your INExtension that will allow you to then return a custom UI directly within Siri.

Both have their uses although again they are fairly specific. When I place my order, the app could create two custom intents:. The first one could launch the Just Eat app and take me directly to the menu for the takeaway I order from so I can peruse and then place my order. The second one would instead be able to place my regular order without opening the app and even provide custom UI to perform an Apple Pay transaction within Siri. The fact that these Shortcuts can be created silently by the app and then donated to Siri so it can then suggest them to you at certain points is also super interesting.

Siri already knows to show the Just Eat app in my Siri App Suggestions on a Friday night so having it in the future automatically prompt me to place a repeat order will cut out some time. Update: It turns out that apps have been creating Shortcuts since as far back as iOS 8. If you make use of NSUserActivity then these are donated automatically when calling becomeCurrent or you can use the donate completion: method of INInteraction since iOS 10 to donate any of the standard SiriKit interactions such as starting a workout, initiating a voip call, or booking a ride.

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Any app that has done this, regardless of whether it has been updated for iOS 12, will show in the Shortcuts system. To be clear, this system is not yet at the same stage as Alexa or Google Home.

sirikit custom intent tutorial

All of the topics above are due to be covered at WWDC today and tomorrow at the following sessions:. Siri the widget master, not the voice. Which is not available in iOS 12 Beta 1.

And maybe Tuesday night as well. Yesterday was the start of WWDC and one new feature in iOS 12 caught my attention amongst the many that were demonstrated: The demo was part of the new Shortcuts system and showed that apps could reveal some functionality to Siri, in this case the Tile app being able to search for your keys. This sure looks like the much anticipated ability to write your own Siri code!

Custom Intents and Shortcuts If you are unable to write custom Siri scripts, what then is the point of the new custom intent?

When I place my order, the app could create two custom intents: A generic intent for the takeaway venue: "Order from [name:string]" A specific intent for my meal: "Order [menuitems:array] from [name:string]" The first one could launch the Just Eat app and take me directly to the menu for the takeaway I order from so I can peruse and then place my order.S tarting with a simple Weather App that listed four cities, I am expecting while I ask Siri to tell me the weather of the city, Siri can directly tell me the weather without opening the app.

Furthermore, as I tap on the window in Siri, it shall bring me to the desired city with its weather information. Here I am going to go through the process of adding a custom Siri Shortcut.

Note: you can clone the starter project from Weather App in master branch. The final project is at SiriShortcut branch. Additionally, build it with screen bigger or equal to 5.

Siri Shortcut Tutorial using Custom Intent

This extension will handle the shortcuts which will run in the background. Furthermore, Apple suggests splitting code which is shared between the extension and the app to a framework. This framework should contain all the code managing and donating shortcuts. Then change the Target Membership to WeatherKit. Run the app, it should work totally fine! Make sure to change the target membership to WeatherKitTests and change the testables to testable import WeatherKit.

We can communicate with the user via Siri without ever having to open your app with Custom Intents. There are things to be done to make your custom intent work:. In addition, activate the schema when Xcode asks.

Only the framework uses Intent Classothers should use No generated Class. Add your new custom intent and complete the info. Xcode would auto-generate these code for you. Fill in the information for response. Add the following code to AppDelegate. We get our city through userActivity, and then create the desired View Controller. After you type siriButton. Just add the following code below. Run the app and it works as charm.

Sign in. Siri Shortcut Tutorial using Custom Intent. David Wu Follow. Add Custom Intent. Add Siri Button. Written by David Wu Follow.In this post I would like to explain the basic concepts and steps need to setup Siri Intent and demystify the complexity somewhat. This is where SiriKit with Siri Shortcuts comes in. I want to preface this post with the following. I felt there is a need for a more simple and yet more concise look at how to setup a Siri for your app using Intents which is the truly powerful way to extend your app using new SiriKit features introduced in WWDC Having just implemented this great feature in one my own apps it dawned on me that there is a lack a good explanation on what is what in SiriKit.

Apple provides a great demo app, SoupChef but it is slightly too complex to really explain the main parts of the setup required to create your own custom Siri intents.

The app and videos that come with it also mix in NSUserActivity which is a simple way to get Siri interacting with your app. My apologies for a length post but there are some concepts that need explaining. Everyone is talking about donating shortcuts and intents. What is donating? If this sounds slightly confusing then allow me to explain. Apps such as lunch ordering or navigation app or a sports app might have a good reason to do it. But for example a utility app might not. You might want to only expose your Siri Shortcut via in app interface using the Add to Siri Button or your own custom interface.

Donating shortcuts is optional and no all apps need to have it. What is it? This is a button provided by Apple to setup Siri voice command from within your own app. Consistency of user experience comes high on my list. It comes in four different styles. Why is it important. Another reason to use default Add to Siri button you get free functionality out of the box with. This will place a button in the middle of your View. The button will allow to add, edit or delete single siri voice command associated with it.

Xcode will throw a few errors at this point.

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First of all add import IntentsUI inside your view controller. This will silence the one of the errors. What is an intent? Intent is an action.

Specifically a Siri action a user can perform. To create an intent you first need to create an indent definition file.

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Give file a name. In my case I just left it as Intents. Naming things is the hardest thing about coding but as this is a demo project we stick with defaults. Clicking on the file presents your with a familiar layout. Here we define our Custom Intent. Give it a name, I went with Test. Then give it a title, Test Siri in my case. The parameters section is an important part as this is what you will pass to Siri for processing. In our case it will be a simple string. It can be any other type such as quality of items being requested or name of the soup for example.Sports Betting System Fundamentals Proper Bankroll Management Sports Betting Champ's NBA Betting System Sports Betting Champ's MLB Betting System Sports Betting Champ's NFL Betting System The 4.

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sirikit custom intent tutorial

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